Hi, If you’re a beginner web developer and using Linux to develop software then mastering Linux commands is essential for efficient file and server management. In this blog, we’ll explore 20 fundamental Linux commands that will enhance your productivity and simplify your workflow.
1. ls Command: List Files and Directories
Use the “ls” command to see a list of files and directories in the current location.
2. cd Command: Change Directory
Navigate between directories with the “cd” command. Simply type “cd” followed by the directory’s name.
3. pwd Command: Print Working Directory
Find out which directory you’re currently in by using the “pwd” command. It shows you the full path of your current location.
4. mkdir Command: Make Directory
Create a new directory with the “mkdir” command. Just type “mkdir” followed by the desired directory name.
5. rm Command: Remove Files and Directories
Delete unwanted files and directories using the “rm” command. Be cautious, as this action is permanent.
6. cp Command: Copy Files and Directories
Duplicate files and directories using the “cp” command. Specify the source and destination locations.
7. mv Command: Move or Rename Files and Directories
Move or rename files and directories with the “mv” command. It helps you organize your files effectively.
8. touch Command: Create Empty File or Update File Timestamp
Create an empty file or update the timestamp of an existing file using the “touch” command.
9. cat Command: Concatenate and Display File Content
Display the content of a file using the “cat” command. It’s useful for viewing text files.
10. grep Command: Search Text Within Files
Search for specific text patterns within files using the “grep” command. It helps you find what you need quickly.
11. chmod Command: Change File Permissions
Change the permissions of a file using the “chmod” command. It controls who can read, write, or execute the file.
12. chown Command: Change Ownership of Files and Directories
Alter the ownership of files and directories with the “chown” command. It allows you to control access to your files.
13. find Command: Search for Files and Directories
Search for files and directories based on specific criteria using the “find” command. It simplifies the search process.
14. tar Command: Archive and Extract Files
Create compressed archives or extract files from archives using the “tar” command. It helps you package files efficiently.
15. wget Command: Download Files from the Web
Download files from the web using the “wget” command. Simply provide the URL of the file you want to download.
16. scp Command: Securely Copy Files Between Systems
Copy files securely between systems using the “scp” command. It’s handy for transferring files over networks.
17. ssh Command: Secure Shell Remote Login
Establish a secure remote connection to another server using the “ssh” command. It enables remote server management.
18. top Command: Monitor System Processes
Monitor running processes and resource usage with the “top” command. It provides real-time insights into your system.
19. du Command: Estimate File and Directory Space Usage
Estimate the disk space used by files and directories with the “du” command. It helps you manage storage efficiently.
20. history Command: View Command History
View the history of commands you’ve executed using the “history” command. It allows you to recall and repeat commands.
As a beginner web developer, mastering these 20 essential Linux commands will significantly improve your file and server management skills. Practice using these commands regularly, and you’ll enhance your productivity and efficiency in web development tasks. Embrace the power of Linux and unleash your potential as a web developer.