20 Essential Linux Commands

Hi, If you’re a beginner web developer and using Linux to develop software then mastering Linux commands is essential for efficient file and server management. In this blog, we’ll explore 20 fundamental Linux commands that will enhance your productivity and simplify your workflow.

1. ls Command: List Files and Directories

Use the “ls” command to see a list of files and directories in the current location.

2. cd Command: Change Directory

Navigate between directories with the “cd” command. Simply type “cd” followed by the directory’s name.

3. pwd Command: Print Working Directory

Find out which directory you’re currently in by using the “pwd” command. It shows you the full path of your current location.

4. mkdir Command: Make Directory

Create a new directory with the “mkdir” command. Just type “mkdir” followed by the desired directory name.

5. rm Command: Remove Files and Directories

Delete unwanted files and directories using the “rm” command. Be cautious, as this action is permanent.

6. cp Command: Copy Files and Directories

Duplicate files and directories using the “cp” command. Specify the source and destination locations.

7. mv Command: Move or Rename Files and Directories

Move or rename files and directories with the “mv” command. It helps you organize your files effectively.

8. touch Command: Create Empty File or Update File Timestamp

Create an empty file or update the timestamp of an existing file using the “touch” command.

9. cat Command: Concatenate and Display File Content

Display the content of a file using the “cat” command. It’s useful for viewing text files.

10. grep Command: Search Text Within Files

Search for specific text patterns within files using the “grep” command. It helps you find what you need quickly.

11. chmod Command: Change File Permissions

Change the permissions of a file using the “chmod” command. It controls who can read, write, or execute the file.

12. chown Command: Change Ownership of Files and Directories

Alter the ownership of files and directories with the “chown” command. It allows you to control access to your files.

13. find Command: Search for Files and Directories

Search for files and directories based on specific criteria using the “find” command. It simplifies the search process.

14. tar Command: Archive and Extract Files

Create compressed archives or extract files from archives using the “tar” command. It helps you package files efficiently.

15. wget Command: Download Files from the Web

Download files from the web using the “wget” command. Simply provide the URL of the file you want to download.

16. scp Command: Securely Copy Files Between Systems

Copy files securely between systems using the “scp” command. It’s handy for transferring files over networks.

17. ssh Command: Secure Shell Remote Login

Establish a secure remote connection to another server using the “ssh” command. It enables remote server management.

18. top Command: Monitor System Processes

Monitor running processes and resource usage with the “top” command. It provides real-time insights into your system.

19. du Command: Estimate File and Directory Space Usage

Estimate the disk space used by files and directories with the “du” command. It helps you manage storage efficiently.

20. history Command: View Command History

View the history of commands you’ve executed using the “history” command. It allows you to recall and repeat commands.


As a beginner web developer, mastering these 20 essential Linux commands will significantly improve your file and server management skills. Practice using these commands regularly, and you’ll enhance your productivity and efficiency in web development tasks. Embrace the power of Linux and unleash your potential as a web developer.

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